For true Bates aficionados...
Perfect Sight Without Glasses (PSWG) is a brilliant
book written by an eye-surgeon for the masses. In it,
Dr. Bates tackles the paradigm
of prescribing glasses for all functional vision problems, and
offers a new, natural way to regain and keep visual clarity.
PSWG was the first book of its kind, and Dr. Bates was a true
pioneer in his field of ophthalmology. Many other books
have since been published on the subject of natural vision improvement,
and the authors usually draw much from Dr. Bates' techniques.
Rightfully so, of course, although I think few of the subsequent
books were written with Dr. Bates' in-depth understanding of
how the eyes perform best.
The First Editions of Perfect Sight Without Glasses
I have three different 'first' editions (or different print
runs) of Dr. Bates' original book Perfect Sight Without Glasses.
According to the copyright date listed in the front of the book,
it was first published in 1920.
All three editions list
only that date, and all are hardcover books bound in leather.
One of these three editions has a red-brown color cover,
one has a maroon cover, and one is green.
I do not know for sure which is the true first edition,
but there are a few major clues:
1. In the September
1927 issue of Dr. Bates' magazine Better Eyesight, I
new edition of "Perfect Sight Without Glasses," by W. H.
Bates is now on sale at this address and all leading book stores.
Those who were unable to procure the book while our stock
was exhausted will receive prompt delivery.
Bound in green leather and embossed in gold.
edition in the green cover was done by "Burr Printing
House" in New York (as shown on the copyright page)
while the maroon edition was done by "Press of Thos.
B. Brooks, Inc." also in New York, and the red-brown
edition has no printer listed. Incidentally, Emily
Lierman's book Stories from the Clinic, published in
1926, was printed by "Press of Thos. B. Brooks, Inc."
3. There is
a major difference between the green cover book and the red-brown
and maroon books.
It is in the sample of photographically reduced print on
page 195. The
red-brown and maroon cover versions have the article The
Menace of Large Print in 4 columns. (This article
was also published in Better Eyesight magazine of December
1919). The green cover edition, on the contrary, shows
4 pages of the book itself (pages 59, 98, 66 and 83 are reprinted
side by side).
4. The print
quality of the photographically reduced print differs considerably.
It is poorest in the red-brown book, better but not great
in the maroon book, and best in the green book.
Overall print quality of text and photos in the rest of the
book shows similar quality differences between the three editions,
with the red-brown being quite readable but of poorest overall
print quality, the maroon book slightly better, and the green
edition being the clearest.
5. The layout
of the pages in the red-brown book is slightly different from
both the others. The
pages do not have the double line at the top, just underneath
the page heading and page number.
The point of page break is also slightly different, even
though the total number of pages is the same.
6. I noticed
that page 41 of the red-brown edition had a minor typo
in the header, making two words out of 'inactive': "OBLIQUE
MUSCLES IN ACTIVE: NO ACCOMMODATION" which is corrected
in the other editions which have: "Oblique Muscles Inactive:
7. Figure 47 on page 189 demonstrates looking directly
at the sun without discomfort. In the red-brown edition
it is a close up of the side of a woman's face; in the other
editions it is a picture of a mother and child. (Thanks
to Daniel M for pointing this out.)
So, putting these facts together, I think the red-brown edition
was the true first edition in 1920 (no printer listed, lower
print quality). Bates
improved on that version with the maroon second run (no print
date available, but likely between 1921 and 1925) which he had
printed by 'Press of Thos. B. Brooks, Inc', but which only marginally
improved on the quality of the print.
When that print ran out
he decided to change the fine print text and subsequently
brought out the green cover books and had them printed by Burr
Printing House. Bates made sure they got it right...
Third time lucky.
That's my thinking on this 'triple first edition' matter! For what it's worth... ;-)
February 2012 Note: I now
have another copy of the very first edition which, instead of
having a red-brown cover, is maroon in color. The red-brown
copy is likely just discolored from aging.
The Cure of Imperfect Sight by Treatment Without Glasses
In the Better Eyesight magazines Dr. Bates' book is most often
referred to as Perfect Sight Without Glasses, yet, it
is twice listed as having the title The Cure of Imperfect
Sight without Glasses.
the article A Study of the Imagination Bates refers
to his book as The Cure of Imperfect Sight without Glasses.
(According to a reference in Better Eyesight magazine of October
1925, this article was published in the Allied Medical Journal,
but so far I have not been able to find the exact date of
The same title was referred to by Kathleen Hurty in Better
Eyesight magazine of May 1923 in which she writes about
a talk on 6 April 1923 given by Dr. Bates to 25 high school
teachers, practically all of whom "had read The Cure
of Imperfect Sight Without Glasses..."
An explanation for this
'double title' is found on the dust-jacket which some books
still have. The title printed on the spine of the dust-jacket
is "Perfect Sight Without Glasses" which is followed
by the name "Bates". Yet on front of the dust-jacket
at the top it reads: "The Cure of Imperfect Sight by Treatment
Without Glasses", followed by the author's name and a few
paragraphs with information about the auther and about the book's
The 1940 reprint
- Perfect Sight Without Glasses
In 1940, nearly a decade after Dr. Bates died, his wife Emily
Bates re-published PSWG, once again using Burr Printing House
in New York and retaining the green leather cover with gold
lettering of the title and author's last name on the front and
spine. It says this is the ninth printing. Emily
made no changes to the original content but added a few items
to this 1940 edition.
The book came with a cream colored dust-jacket similar to the
one shown above. Instead of The Central Fixation Publishing
Co, New York, it has Emily A. Bates, Publisher with
her address as 20 Park Avenue, New York City.
The first interesting addition inside the book is a certificate
and a letter from Oglethorpe University in Atlanta Georgia,
showing that the book Perfect Sight Without Glasses has
been accepted for inclusion in the Crypt
of Civilization, which intends to preserve it for future
generations. This crypt is located at the Phoebe Hearst
Hall of the university. In a way, it is a 'museum' of
the 1930s which will supposedly remain sealed until the year
8113, so that the knowledge and information from this era may
be preserved for future generations.
As an aside, the publisher William Randolph Hearst was a prominent
benefactor of Oglethorpe University, and his magazine Hearst's
International carried Bates' article Throw Away Your
Glasses in September 1923.
But back to the 1940 book: A one-page eye-chart is included
on page 310 of the book, with letter size equivalents ranging
from 50ft to 2ft.
The best part of this
book is the new chapter 33 titled How to demonstrate the
fundamental principles of treatment. This chapter
is a valuable addition for anyone who wants to work with the
method on their own.
This 1940 edition finishes with a letter of appreciation of
Dr. Bates written by Dr. Daniel A. Poling.
The 1943 reprint - Better Eyesight Without Glasses
In 1943 Emily published a much edited version of
PSWG and changed the title to Better Eyesight Without Glasses
(BEWG). It was printed by Henry Holt and Company in New
I have a green colored hardback copy of this book from May 1944,
with a cream and black dust-jacket, so the comments below relate
to this 1944 edition.
BEWG does not have The Fundamental Principle page that
PSWG begins with, yet BEWG does have the extra chapter at the
end; now titled The Fundamental Principles of Treatment,
which is more in-depth than PSWG's first page on that topic.
BEWG does not include the original preface.
Whereas PSWG had many photos and illustrations, BEWG has only
one: a drawing of the eye and its muscles, which did not appear
BEWG provides a full size eye-chart, which is a useful addition
to any eyesight book.
The following chapters from PSWG have been left out of BEWG.
Chapter 3, Evidence for the accepted theory of accommodation
Chapter 6, The truth about accommodation as demonstrated
by clinical observations
Chapter 19, The relief of pain and other symptoms by the
aid of the memory.
Chapter 25, Correspondence treatment
Chapter 28, The story of Emily
Chapter 30, Normal sight and the relief of pain for soldiers
Chapter 31, Letters from patients
Chapter 32, Reason and authority
Chapters 4 and 5 of PSWG are combined into one in BEWG.
Chapters 8 through 18 and 20 through 24 of PSWG are kept more
or less the same in their essence in BEWG although various paragraphs
have been cut out.
The small print page (p195 in PSWG / between p126-127 in BEWG)
PSWG's Seven Truths of Normal Sight in diamond type font
has been replaced by a part copy of page 1 of BEWG in 4.5 point
type. Even though the print size is only slightly enlarged,
I think it is a shame that Emily moved away from the diamond
type, and wonder why she might have done that.
Thankfully, the photographic type reduction does stay true to
size, the only difference here between the two books being the
actual text. BEWG shows its own pages 2, 3, 4 and 5 reproduced
here in 4 columns.
In PSWG's chapter 29, Mind and Vision, Bates attacks
the "irrational and unnatural educational system"
as being the fundamental reason for poor memory and poor eyesight
in school children. BEWG does not include this part of
the chapter. Overall, taking into account the various
paragraphs and chapters omitted, BEWG has become a much 'milder'
book; less controversial and perhaps therefore more popular.
Throughout BEWG I notice that, in general, the wording has changed
away from medical terms. Where PSWG talked about 'patients',
BEWG often replaces that with 'persons' or 'people'. As
another example, PSWG chapter 9's title, The Cause and Cure
of Errors of Refraction was changed in BEWG to The Cause
and Treatment of Errors of Refraction.
These changes may
have something to do with Margaret Corbett's court case at the
end of 1940. Mrs. Corbett was a Bates Method teacher in
California who was charged with practicing optometry without
a license. She successfully defended her case and continued
to teach, yet she became very careful about how she advertised
her work, and she advised other teachers to use similar caution.
As Emily was not a doctor either, she may also have felt it
was best to change the medical terms to non-medical terms.
Another change I noticed in chapter
7 of PSWG/chapter 4 BEWG, is that the number of school children
examined was changed from twenty thousand to several
Get a free download of the original 1920
edition of Perfect Sight Without Glasses, or buy an actual
hardcover Perfect Sight Without Glasses, of which I sometimes
have a few in stock.
As I said at the very top, this page is mainly for the true
Bates aficionado. If you are one (you must be, having
read this far!) and you have further information about the various
original editions of PSWG (not the many reprints of BEWG after
1943), then please contact me; I look
forward to talking with you!
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